About Us   -   Contact   Español PortuguesItalianoAleman

Carlos-Antonio-Lozada-33333.jpgRSS Carlos Antonio Lozada

Carlos Antonio Lozada is head of the Technical Subcommission of the FARC-EP and member of its national Secretariat.
Monday, 25 April 2016 14:58

La Macarena, Peace Territory

Written by 
powered by social2s
Rate this item
(0 votes)

The national outrage because of the decision of the National Authority of Environmental Licenses (ANLA) to grant the company HUPECOL a licence to exploit an oil block in the Special Management Area of La Macarena (AMEN), which forced the national government to subsequently revoke it, demonstrates the validity and the urgency of profoundly addressing the debate on the economic model that we, Colombians, want for our country.

That the economic model is not in discussion has been a reiterative government's argument whenever the Peace Delegation of the FARC-EP has raised at the negotiation Table the relevance of the topic to the content of the Agenda, which in two parts of the preamble reads: “Economic development with social justice and harmony with the environment, is a guarantee of peace and progress"; and "Social development with equity and welfare, including the big majorities, allows to grow as a country”.

La Macarena, Quimbo, Santurbán, Ranchería, Bruno, Van Der Hammen, Marmato, are a sample of what it means to continue the neoliberal economic model that the government refuses to discuss and which threatens to erase in a few decades priceless natural resources, seriously compromising the future of coming generations. Moreover, it is now common to hear the government's assertion that peace will have a marked accent in the territories; which judging by the facts, translates into a vision of territorial peace consisting on the cessation of armed confrontation to multiply business opportunities and increase profits of the multinationals and their local partners. On the contrary, our vision of territorial peace arises from the historical necessity of redeeming territories from the abandonment and backwardness caused by the long armed conflict.

Also read: Forced eradication of coca crops in Macarena natural park

Their residents are, overwhelmingly, settlers violently forced to go to the jungles which need to be opened by ax and machete. Our vision of the territory, on the contrary, goes beyond the simple geographical space with its natural resources, and incorporates, as an essential aspect, the communities with their complex network of social relations of production, distribution, consumption and exchange; their forms of relationship with nature of which they are an inseparable part; their world view, their culture. Its articulation (or isolation) with other territories and communities, with the whole nation and the world.

And it is precisely in the territories of the conflict, where historically the FARC-EP has settled, viewed in the already mentioned manner, where the FARC-EP fighters aspire to develop the process of social, economic and political reintegration once the abandonment of weapons is done, as it would be agreed in the peace treaty. This vision contained in the proposals referred to point 3. End of Conflict - which we left for consideration to the government since December 2015 - includes the creation of Special Territories of Peace.

The proposals state that under the signing of the peace treaty, the Special Territories in addition to the benefits resulting from agreements such as the normalization of land property; the construction of social infrastructure: roads, bridges, aqueducts, energy; the access to credit for technical and professional assistance for food production; as well as assistance in health and education; well, in addition to that, we say, the territories should enjoy special economic measures to encourage the formation of cooperatives of all kinds; benefits for companies that build their physical plants in those territories, or that employ local labor or establish agreements for trade and productive chain with such cooperatives.

Also read: Peace Territories should become laboratories of reconciliation

In parallel, these territories should be prioritized within plans of decontamination from explosives and voluntary replacement of illicit crops; within special programs to protect the environment and preserve natural resources; as well as campaigns for reforestation. The Peace Territories, welcoming veterans of the insurgency, the Armed Forces and the paramilitaries, will be decisive factor in the process of national reconciliation, through social integration programmes with the communities. And in the context of a new culture of peace, judges could be created for citizen social and welfare, responsible for solving conflicts starting from conciliation.

In these territories, those who are sanctioned by the Special Jurisdiction for Peace will pay reparative sanctions. As we see, the idea of peace territories is aimed at cementing the true reconciliation of the Colombian family; and at laying the groundwork for what should be a democratic conception of the territories. Only from this type of conception of the territory, valuable natural resources that are the heritage of all Colombians can be safe from the voracity of transnational capital.

Also read: UNASUR, UN and Celac to monitor peace territories FARC-EP

For this reason, we believe that the Special Management Area of La Macarena should be the first Territory of Peace to be created in Colombia. Only communities that inhabit the Special Management Area of La Macarena and the fighters who have harbored for years in her womb really know the natural treasures that this unique region on the planet contains; therefore, no one better to protect and care for this heritage.

Last modified on Monday, 25 April 2016 22:08
More in this category: Bilateral ceasefire »