Havana, Cuba, site of the peace talks, February 26, 2014
The FARC-EP present six minimum proposals on "Anti-drug policy focused on cleaning up the narco-paramilitary, criminal and mafia-like structures entrenched in the state":
1. Specialized commission to identify narco-paramilitary power.
The drug policy will have one of its axes in identifying narcoparamilitary, criminal and mafia-like structures entrenched in the state, regarding the fact that these structures are an essential factor to the persistence and reproduction of the criminal drug industry. To this end, a specialized, interdisciplinary Commission will be created, involving representatives of the government, the FARC-EP, academia, political parties and political and social movements, and the Armed Forces and Police, which should present within six (6) months a "Report on the influence of narco-paramilitarism on the state and the Colombian society." This Report will contain a diagnosis and a definition of policy guidelines for the structural solution to the phenomenon of narco-paramilitarism in its various shapes and forms, including the current euphemistic name of "criminal gangs" (BACRIM).
2. Cleaning of the branches of the state and dismantling of narco-paramilitary influence.
The results of the "Report on the influence of narco (...)" will serve as a basis for the implementation of a policy of cleaning the executive, legislative and judicial branches of the state, on national, departmental and municipal levels. Real and effective dismantlement of narco-paramilitary power in these areas should be ensured. In addition to the recovery of state legitimacy, overcoming the narco-paramilitary structures entrenched in these branches leads to the loss of its influence and control over the design and implementation of public policy in the most varied fields of economic, social and cultural development, as well as in crime policy and justice. And especially concerning specific configurations of security and defense policy.
3. Purification of the supervisory bodies and the electoral organization of the state and elimination of narco-paramilitary influence.
The "Report on the influence of narco-paramilitarism (...)" should also lead to the purification of the supervisory bodies of the State, particularly the Inpector General's Office, as well as the electoral organization, including the National Electoral Council and the National Registry Office. The effective measures of the Public Ministry, already clean, taken against all public officials committed with the phenomenon of narco-paramilitarism would be a contribution to a true democratic organization of society.Cleaning up electoral organization is a necessary move towards the elimination of narco-paramilitary political power, largely based on the capture of the political and representative system.
Moreover, the effective dismantling of narco-paramilitarism also includes the cleaning of Public Notaries, regarding the fact that Public Notaries, managed by individuals, have become an important factor in the institutionalization of the narco-paramilitary economy, particularly in the dispossession of lands.
4. Clean up the military forces and the police, as well as the intelligence services, and dismantle the narco-paramilitary influence.
In response to multiple investigations and studies, all publicly known, which demonstrate the historical articulation and coordination of narco-paramilitarism with military forces, the police and state intelligence services, as well as the results that the "Report on the influence of narco-paramilitarism (...)" the purification of these forces and services will be started. The persistence of the already mentioned structural links are an insuperable barrier of narco-paramilitary power, to the extent that they provide a political, economic and social control over the territory based on the exercise of violence, which is the basis of reproduction of the criminal drug industry, and of the enlistment of territories to promote new and lucrative business with land and natural resources, and access public resources.
5. Identify and dismantle narco-paramilitary territorial power.
The efforts to dismantle narco-paramilitary power entrenched in state structures, their branches and bodies, will become fruitless if not accompanied by measures and actions aimed at eliminating their territorial power. It is necessary to identify local criminal and mafia-like structures, their specific features, as well as the elites that are engaged and directly participating in narco-paramilitary territorial power. However, it's is not enough to move towards the eradication of such power. To achieve this, the political willingness of the state is requiered, as well as forceful measures and actions, in addition to its real and effective prosecution. All this should be accompanied by the corresponding designs of crime policy.
6. Special measures and actions against corruption produced by narco-paramilitarism.
The criminals and mafia networks have created corrupt companies, which are infiltrated in all state institutions. They are mainly supported by drug capital, used to finance political parties and electoral campaigns. Being so, it doesn't only affect the legislature at different levels, but also government positions. From these positions an important part of public procurement is being captured and, through them, budget resources. In the same way, the promotion of new business, coming up from territorial control, is legalized and guaranteed. Eradicate narco-paramilitary power implies, therefore, the implementation of specific measures to combat corruption originated in drug capitals, including the monitoring of these capitals throughout the economic cycle, which will be a special chapter of the crime policy of the state.
Peace Delegation of the FARC-EP
Government should dismantle narco-paramilitary structures
"Anti-drug policy should be focused on the dismantling of narco-paramilitary, criminal and mafia-like structures, entrenched in the state"
Havana, Cuba - With these words, Comandante Jes?s Santrich started reading the FARC-EP communique on the eighth minimum proposal in the framework of the discussion about illicit drugs. To read complete communiqu?, click here
The insurgency stressed the need for a specialized commission, which could study formulas in order to dismantle the criminal industry of drugtrafficking. The commission should present a report on the influence of narco-paramilitarism on the Colombian state and society.
The state's supervisory bodies should be cleaned up, especially the Inpector General's Office, the National Electoral Council, Public Notaries and the National Registry Office.
The FARC-EP also demanded cleaning the structures of the military forces, the police and the intelligency services, because of their relationship with narco-paramilitarism. Local criminal structures and elites should be identified and dismantled, too; this can only be done with a clear political willingness from the state.
The journalists again asked questions to the comandante of the insurgency, first about the state council, which supported the destitution of former mayor Gustavo Petro.
Santrich stressed that these were the "guarantees" of colombian democracy; he affirmed that a a lot of aspects of it should be changed and that a collective reflection is necessary. He claimed for a National Constituent Assembly in order to implement the necessary institutional changes in order to achieve a real democracy.
A second question was about the involvement of the FARC-EP in the business of drug-trafficking. According to the journalist, the FARC are put into circulation more than 1.3 billion pesos anually in drug-trafficking.
Jes?s Santrich explained about the enormous (media) manipulation involved in the issue of drug-trafficking, which has always been an instrument to demonize the guerrilla forces:
"There is a huge propaganda machinery, aimed at discrediting the insurgency. That's why we have insisted on a truth commission - which should be installed as soon as possible - to investigate about victims, but also about all these issues that have been surrounded by lies"
07-08-2013: Human Rights violations in Barranquilla, Colombia
?The Ombudsman of Colombia, Ot?lora Jorge Armando G?mez, warned about the serious risk of human rights violations to nearly 5000 residents of Barranquilla and the municipalities of Soledad, Malambo and Puerto Colombia, located in the department of Atlantic.
The most affected are traders, shopkeepers, drivers, women who sell gambling, human rights defenders, social leaders and the victims of forced displacement.
According to the report issued by the Ombudsman?s office, suspected members of illegal armed groups ?Los Rastrojos? and ?Los Urabe?os? threat, charge extortions, perform killings and bomb attacks against houses and shops, among other serious human rights violations. These criminal acts are committed especially by a faction of ?los Rastrojos?, called 'Los Coste?os'.
The report, which was handed over to the Ministry of Interior, recalled that during the first six months of this year, 145 homicides were registered in Barranquilla. However, if we take the entire metropolitan area, the figure rises to 254 homicides for the first seven months of the year.
For Ot?lora, those homicides resulting in dismembered and decapitated bodies are a particular matter of serious concern, for they cause a big social impact among the people.
On the 9th of July, for example, in the neighborhood of San Roque, the head of a man identified as Jose Luis Rodriguez Herrera was found. The victim worked at the marketplace since March 2013, after having been released from jail. Until today, the body of the victim hasn?t been found and the perpetrators are unknown.
04-08-2013: Homicides of human rights defenders increased 27%
Source: Report of www.somosdefensores.org
At first glance, the first six months of 2013 show positive results in the field of Human Rights: Attacks against human rights defenders were reduced by 5.6% compared to the same period in 2012 (there were 163 attacks in 2012 and 153 in 2013).
July 29, 2013: Colombia military murdered 3900 civilians to inflate effectiveness: Prosecution
?Source: www.colombiareports.com, by Marcus Sales
The Colombian army has executed more than 3,900 civilians to inflate its apparent success in the ongoing fight against leftist rebels, paramilitary groups and drug traffickers, the country?s Prosecutor General?s Office confirmed Monday.
?lvaro Uribe?s ?TwelveApostles?
Written by: Iv?n M?rquez, Member of the FARC Secretariat
The ones who have read The clan of the twelve apostles, the book written by Olga Behar, will have a deep-down certainty about the fact that Colombia?s presidency was managed for eight years by a ?purebred? paramilitary, not because of his horses, but because of his bloodthirsty instinct.