August 14, 2014
"Massacres and targeted killings have been carried out in favor of the interests of the powerful"
Havana, Cuba - The FARC-EP published a detailed list of the most affected sectors of the Colombian conflict, stressing that "the victims have been essentially political subjects, active militants who have sought to organize themselves and change the status quo."
Taken from: www.colectivodeabogados.org
Press release Colombian Coalition Against Torture
Between 2001 and 2009, at least 1834 people were victims of torture. Of these, 422 survived, 1148 were killed and 264 were victims of psychological torture. Until 2014, over 26,000 forced disappearances have been reported; in the past 14 years, 63,183 threats have been denounced, hundreds of arbitrary arrests, 773 cases of torture, recorded in Justice and Peace, over 500.000 victims of sexual violence and about 5.000.000 displaced people.
On Thursday, May 15, the news of the death of two children by the explosion of a device one day earlier, which injured members of the national police, caused a stir because the official version states that the two children were the ones who launched the hand grenade to the police. It also says that both children had been used by the FARC to commit the action.
Havana, Cuba, site of the peace talks, May 13, 2014
"We return to our lands, reservations, collective territories
and neighborhoods, with a first triumph,
convinced of the effectiveness of unity,
proposals at the grassroots level and mobilization".
Political Commission of the Peasant, Ethnic and People's Agrarian Summit
May 9, 2014
The "Mesa ?nica Nacional" (Space of dialogue with the peasants) is the place where 35 delegates, peasants, indigenous and black people, will discuss with the Government the list of demands issued by the National Peasant, Ethnic and People's Agrarian Summit, gathered between 15 and 17 March. People's mandates on land and territory, political rights of farming communities, mining and the environment, ethnic and peasant economies, coca, marijuana and poppy crops, social rights and peace with social justice, are the main demands.
This is a good opportunity to build agreements on the complex problems of the countryside and the city; it is the first success of this process, which brings together dozens of social movement. Product of its organized and just resistance, the Agrarian Summit achieved political recognition and became a determinant factor of public policy on agriculture.
The struggle for land, understood as territory and as a natural shelter of communities and their livelihood, is at the center of the economic, social, political and cultural confrontation in Colombia, which has been going on for more than 80 years. Its roots lie in the - by then progressive - land law (or law 200) of 1936, promulgated by President Alfonso L?pez Pumarejo.
?An essential part of the solution to the eventual illicit use of crops is a genuine integral agrarian reform?
To understand the agrarian, peasant, popular and ethnic problems, it's not enough to look only at land tenure; an essential part of the problem is the form of production and the infrastructure, which are necessary to enable the peasantry to live with dignity from their work. It is vital to project the rural economy as a major support of the national economy and sovereignty.
The coincidence between the targets, problems and proposed solutions by the rural sector in Colombia and the FARC-EP in Havana is hardly surprising, since we are part of the poor of the country fighting for our rights and willing to build solutions, which doesn't imply resignations or capitulations.
Besides, there is an intimate link between the issue of land and the problems around it and the current debate in Havana: Solution to the problem of illicit drugs, for the rural population is the most persecuted and demonized by the failed war on drugs, while they are the weakest and least benefited. An essential part of the solution to the eventual illicit use of crops is a genuine integral agrarian reform.
We repeat that here in Havana, we seek to build agreements to find viable solutions to national problems, ie for the majority. As a people we are, the problems of guerrilla fighters will be resolved there, too.
?Our greetings, full support and all our solidarity to the mobilizations and protests, we wish you success?
This first and significant victory of the Agricultural Summit, because of the moment in which it is accomplished, is heritage and respect the people and their organizations. The dialogue also belongs to the national majorities.
Reality shows us the possibility to build roads of solution despite the negative misinformation and maneuvers by the enemies of reconciliation, those who benefit from war.
Our greetings, full support and all our solidarity to the mobilizations and protests, we wish you success.
Land to the tiller!
Peace Delegation of the FARC-EP
Written by: Manuel Rueda, taken from www.fusion.net
Viviana Hernandez sells beauty products door to door in Neiva, a Colombian city where daytime temperatures regularly soar to 90 degrees.
Havana, Cuba - The FARC-EP talked about the historical truth of the conflict and of the substitution of illicit crops, emphasizing the fact that the positions of the different social organizations present at the Agrarian Summit coincide with its proposals and demands.
Written by: James Petras
The two paths to 21st century empire-building-via-proxies are illustrated through the violent seizure of power in the Ukraine by a US-backed junta and the electoral gains of the US-backed Colombian war lord, Alvaro Uribe. We will describe the 'mechanics' of US intervention in the domestic politics of these two countries and their profound external effects - that is how they enhance imperial power on a continent-wide basis.
Havana, Cuba, site of the peace talks, February 26, 2014
The FARC-EP present six minimum proposals on "Anti-drug policy focused on cleaning up the narco-paramilitary, criminal and mafia-like structures entrenched in the state":
1. Specialized commission to identify narco-paramilitary power.
The drug policy will have one of its axes in identifying narcoparamilitary, criminal and mafia-like structures entrenched in the state, regarding the fact that these structures are an essential factor to the persistence and reproduction of the criminal drug industry. To this end, a specialized, interdisciplinary Commission will be created, involving representatives of the government, the FARC-EP, academia, political parties and political and social movements, and the Armed Forces and Police, which should present within six (6) months a "Report on the influence of narco-paramilitarism on the state and the Colombian society." This Report will contain a diagnosis and a definition of policy guidelines for the structural solution to the phenomenon of narco-paramilitarism in its various shapes and forms, including the current euphemistic name of "criminal gangs" (BACRIM).
2. Cleaning of the branches of the state and dismantling of narco-paramilitary influence.
The results of the "Report on the influence of narco (...)" will serve as a basis for the implementation of a policy of cleaning the executive, legislative and judicial branches of the state, on national, departmental and municipal levels. Real and effective dismantlement of narco-paramilitary power in these areas should be ensured. In addition to the recovery of state legitimacy, overcoming the narco-paramilitary structures entrenched in these branches leads to the loss of its influence and control over the design and implementation of public policy in the most varied fields of economic, social and cultural development, as well as in crime policy and justice. And especially concerning specific configurations of security and defense policy.
3. Purification of the supervisory bodies and the electoral organization of the state and elimination of narco-paramilitary influence.
The "Report on the influence of narco-paramilitarism (...)" should also lead to the purification of the supervisory bodies of the State, particularly the Inpector General's Office, as well as the electoral organization, including the National Electoral Council and the National Registry Office. The effective measures of the Public Ministry, already clean, taken against all public officials committed with the phenomenon of narco-paramilitarism would be a contribution to a true democratic organization of society.Cleaning up electoral organization is a necessary move towards the elimination of narco-paramilitary political power, largely based on the capture of the political and representative system.
Moreover, the effective dismantling of narco-paramilitarism also includes the cleaning of Public Notaries, regarding the fact that Public Notaries, managed by individuals, have become an important factor in the institutionalization of the narco-paramilitary economy, particularly in the dispossession of lands.
4. Clean up the military forces and the police, as well as the intelligence services, and dismantle the narco-paramilitary influence.
In response to multiple investigations and studies, all publicly known, which demonstrate the historical articulation and coordination of narco-paramilitarism with military forces, the police and state intelligence services, as well as the results that the "Report on the influence of narco-paramilitarism (...)" the purification of these forces and services will be started. The persistence of the already mentioned structural links are an insuperable barrier of narco-paramilitary power, to the extent that they provide a political, economic and social control over the territory based on the exercise of violence, which is the basis of reproduction of the criminal drug industry, and of the enlistment of territories to promote new and lucrative business with land and natural resources, and access public resources.
5. Identify and dismantle narco-paramilitary territorial power.
The efforts to dismantle narco-paramilitary power entrenched in state structures, their branches and bodies, will become fruitless if not accompanied by measures and actions aimed at eliminating their territorial power. It is necessary to identify local criminal and mafia-like structures, their specific features, as well as the elites that are engaged and directly participating in narco-paramilitary territorial power. However, it's is not enough to move towards the eradication of such power. To achieve this, the political willingness of the state is requiered, as well as forceful measures and actions, in addition to its real and effective prosecution. All this should be accompanied by the corresponding designs of crime policy.
6. Special measures and actions against corruption produced by narco-paramilitarism.
The criminals and mafia networks have created corrupt companies, which are infiltrated in all state institutions. They are mainly supported by drug capital, used to finance political parties and electoral campaigns. Being so, it doesn't only affect the legislature at different levels, but also government positions. From these positions an important part of public procurement is being captured and, through them, budget resources. In the same way, the promotion of new business, coming up from territorial control, is legalized and guaranteed. Eradicate narco-paramilitary power implies, therefore, the implementation of specific measures to combat corruption originated in drug capitals, including the monitoring of these capitals throughout the economic cycle, which will be a special chapter of the crime policy of the state.
Peace Delegation of the FARC-EP
JOINT COMMUNIQUE 32
Havana, February 13, 2014
The delegations of the Government and the FARC-EP report that:
We have worked steadily throughout this round of talks and have begun to construct agreements on the item "Solution to the problem of illicit drugs", specifically on the first sub-point, "Programs for crop substitution. Comprehensive development plans with community participation in the design, implementation and evaluation of substitution programs and environmental recovery of the areas affected by these crops".
The Communist Party of Australia, CPA condemns the wave of repression unleashed against leaders and activists in the social, political and trade union movement in Colombia.
The latest events provide new proof that in Colombia the conditions to guarantee freedom to organise politically and socially do not exist.
In light of this, we condemn the arbitrary detention and fabricated charges against FRANCISCO TOLOZA, a university professor, political analyst and head of International Relations of the MARCHA PATRIOTICA social movement.
This latest repressive act is added to assassination of more than 25 activists of the MARCHA PATRIOTICA during 2013, as well as the trumped up charges against union leaders Huber Ballesteros and Wilmar Madro?ero.
We call on the government of President Juan Manuel Santos to put an end to these criminal acts and to provide guarantees for full political and social participation.
We demand the immediate release of Professor Francisco Toloza, as well as Huber Ballesteros, Wilmar Madro?ero and the more than 9,500 political prisoners currently held in Colombian jails.
President Santos is responsible for the promotion of democratic, labour and human rights. We further demand that President Santos promotes the construction of peace with social justice so as to stop the bloodshed in a country that has been plunged into an armed conflict for more than 50 years.
Immediate freedom for Francisco Toloza!
Communist Party of Australia, CPA