The Nasa people are the most organized and combative indigenous community of Colombia. Before the Spanish Conquest, they were known for their braveness and bellicosity. During the period of America’s colonization, they courageously fought against Spanish plundering of their lands. In the republican history, the Nasa people have always vindicated their rights to land, territory and culture. Nowadays, the Nasa people are playing a critical role Colombian social movements and they have reached a remarkable autonomy and self-governance in the departamentos of Cauca, Tolima and Valle del Cauca.
During the 90's, tensions between Nasa councils and FARC-EP units in Western Tolima appeared and increased. The Army Brigade of Tolima intervened and armed the indigenous self-defense units. The confrontation between guerrilla units and Nasa people started to be spread over the region and to claim victims.
But peace and consistency won. A visionary generation of Nasa traditional authorities and the commitment of the FARC-EP with people's organizations, allowed the Nasa Wes'x local indigenous council and the FARC’s regional division to build and sign a ‘revolutionary agreement for coexistence’, which represents an important precedent for the future of peace in the whole country and a worldwide reference for peacebuilding.